Projects per year
Abstract / Description of output
Tambjamine YP1 is a pyrrole-containing natural product. Analysis of the enzymes encoded in the Pseudoalteromonas tunicata "tam" biosynthetic gene cluster (BGC) identified a unique di-domain biocatalyst (PtTamH). Sequence and bioinformatic analysis predicts that PtTamH comprises an N-terminal, pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP)-dependent transaminase (TA) domain fused to a NADH-dependent C-terminal thioester reductase (TR) domain. Spectroscopic and chemical analysis revealed that the TA domain binds PLP, utilizes l-Glu as an amine donor, accepts a range of fatty aldehydes (C7-C14with a preference for C12), and produces the corresponding amines. The previously characterized PtTamA from the "tam" BGC is an ATP-dependent, di-domain enzyme comprising a class I adenylation domain fused to an acyl carrier protein (ACP). Since recombinant PtTamA catalyzes the activation and thioesterification of C12acid to the holo-ACP domain, we hypothesized that C12ACP is the natural substrate for PtTamH. PtTamA and PtTamH were successfully coupled together in a biocatalytic cascade that converts fatty acids (FAs) to amines in one pot. Moreover, a structural model of PtTamH provides insights into how the TA and TR domains are organized. This work not only characterizes the formation of the tambjamine YP1 tail but also suggests that PtTamA and PtTamH could be useful biocatalysts for FA to amine functional group conversion.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- pyridoxal 5′-phosphate
- tambjamine biosynthesis
- thioester reductase
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- 2 Finished
Structuring the Future - Underpinning world-leading science in EaStCHEM through cutting edge characterisation
1/01/13 → 30/06/13
EASTBIO: EASTBIO East of Scotland BioScience Doctoral Training Partnership studentship - Research Training Grant BB/J01446X/1
1/09/12 → 30/09/18
Project: Other (Non-Funded/Miscellaneous)