Critical examination of midplane and neutral plane formulations for vibration analysis of FGM beams

C. M. Wang, L. L. Ke, A. N. Roy Chowdhury*, J. Yang, Sritawat Kitipornchai, D. Fernando

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

There has been a controversial claim that the beam model formulation for functionally graded materials (FGM) beams must be based on the neutral plane for correct solutions. This claim cuts across well accepted mid-plane formulation for FGM beams. Presented herein is a critical examination of the mid-plane and neutral plane formulations for the vibration analysis of FGM beams. It will be shown herein that the problem arises from a misconception that the immovable supporting points are located at the mid-plane when the supporting points are actually at the neutral plane when basing the formulation on the neutral plane. The positioning of the immovable simple supports at two different planes leads to the difference in results. However, in the case of movable simple supports, the mid-plane formulation furnishes the same vibration solutions as the neutral plane formulation, even though the supports are located on different planes. Both formulations furnish the same frequency results for clamped ends. The conclusion is that there is nothing wrong with using the mid-plane formulation for FGM beams. In fact, by using the neutral plane formulation, it would be difficult to solve FGM beams with a constraint on the longitudinal displacement at the midplane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-281
Number of pages7
JournalEngineering Structures
Early online date7 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Beams
  • Functionally graded materials
  • Mid-plane
  • Neutral plane
  • Vibration


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