Cross-correlating Planck tSZ with RCSLenS weak lensing: implications for cosmology and AGN feedback

Alireza Hojjati, Tilman Tröster, Joachim Harnois-Déraps, Ian G. McCarthy, Ludovic van Waerbeke, Ami Choi, Thomas Erben, Catherine Heymans, Hendrik Hildebrandt, Gary Hinshaw, Yin-Zhe Ma, Lance Miller, Massimo Viola, Hideki Tanimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present measurements of the spatial mapping between (hot) baryons and the total matter in the Universe, via the cross-correlation between the thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich (tSZ) map from Planck and the weak gravitational lensing maps from the Red Cluster Sequence Lensing Survey (RCSLenS). The cross-correlations are performed on the map level where all the sources (including diffuse intergalactic gas) contribute to the signal. We consider two configuration-space correlation function estimators, ξy-κ and ξ ^ {y-γ t}, and a Fourier-space estimator, C_{ℓ}^{y-κ}, in our analysis. We detect a significant correlation out to 3° of angular separation on the sky. Based on statistical noise only, we can report 13σ and 17σ detections of the cross-correlation using the configuration-space y-κ and y-γt estimators, respectively. Including a heuristic estimate of the sampling variance yields a detection significance of 7σ and 8σ, respectively. A similar level of detection is obtained from the Fourier-space estimator, C_{ℓ}^{y-κ}. As each estimator probes different dynamical ranges, their combination improves the significance of the detection. We compare our measurements with predictions from the cosmo-OverWhelmingly Large Simulations suite of cosmological hydrodynamical simulations, where different galactic feedback models are implemented. We find that a model with considerable active galactic nuclei (AGN) feedback that removes large quantities of hot gas from galaxy groups and Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 7-yr best-fitting cosmological parameters provides the best match to the measurements. All baryonic models in the context of a Planck cosmology overpredict the observed signal. Similar cosmological conclusions are drawn when we employ a halo model with the observed 'universal' pressure profile.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1565-1580
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Early online date6 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • gravitational lensing: weak
  • dark matter
  • large-scale structure of Universe


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