Crosstalk between monocytes and myometrial smooth muscle in culture generates synergistic pro-inflammatory cytokine production and enhances myocyte contraction, with effects opposed by progesterone

S P Rajagopal, J L Hutchinson, David Dorward, A G Rossi, J E Norman

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Abstract

Both term and preterm parturition are characterised by an influx of macrophages and neutrophils into the myometrium and cervix, with co-incident increased peripheral blood monocyte activation. Infection and inflammation are strongly implicated in the pathology of preterm labour (PTL), with progesterone considered a promising candidate for its prevention or treatment. In this study, we investigated the effect of monocytes on myometrial smooth muscle cell inflammatory cytokine production both alone and in response to LPS, a TLR4 agonist used to trigger PTL in vivo. We also investigated the effect of monocytes on myocyte contraction. Monocytes, isolated from peripheral blood samples from term pregnant women, were cultured alone, or cocultured with PHM1-41 myometrial smooth muscle cells, for 24h. In a third set of experiments, PHM1-41 myocytes were cultured for 24h in isolation. Cytokine secretion was determined by ELISA or multiplex assays. Coculture of monocytes and myocytes led to synergistic secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines including IL-6, IL-8 and MCP-1, with the secretion being further enhanced by LPS (100ng/ml). The synergistic secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 from cocultures was mediated in part by direct cell-cell contact, and by TNF. Conditioned media from cocultures stimulated contraction of PHM1-41 myocytes, and the effect was inhibited by progesterone. Both progesterone and IL-10 inhibited LPS-stimulated IL-6 and IL-8 secretion from cocultures, while progesterone also inhibited chemokine secretion. These data suggest that monocytes infiltrating the myometrium at labour participate in crosstalk that potentiates pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, an effect that is enhanced by LPS and can augment myocyte contraction. These effects are all partially inhibited by progesterone.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Human Reproduction
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2015

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