Crystallization of Hard-Sphere Glasses

E. Zaccarelli, C. Valeriani, E. Sanz, W. C. K. Poon, Michael Cates, P. N. Pusey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study by molecular dynamics the interplay between arrest and crystallization in hard spheres. For state points in the plane of volume fraction (0.54 <= phi <= 0.63) and polydispersity (0 <= s <= 0.085), we delineate states that spontaneously crystallize from those that do not. For noncrystallizing (or precrystallization) samples we find isodiffusivity lines consistent with an ideal glass transition at phi(g) approximate to 0.585, independent of s. Despite this, for s < 0.05, crystallization occurs at phi > phi(g). This happens on time scales for which the system is aging, and a diffusive regime in the mean square displacement is not reached; by those criteria, the system is a glass. Hence, contrary to a widespread assumption in the colloid literature, the occurrence of spontaneous crystallization within a bulk amorphous state does not prove that this state was an ergodic fluid rather than a glass.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135704
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume103
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2009

Keywords

  • COLLOIDAL SPHERES
  • TRANSITION
  • SUSPENSIONS
  • DENSE
  • PARTICLES

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