Current methods for the detection of Plasmodium parasite species infecting humans

Lucinda Slater, Shoaib Ashraf, Osama Zahid, Qasim Ali, Muhammad Oneeb, Muhammad Haroon Akbar, Muhammad Ilyas Riaz, Kiran Afshan, Neil Sargison, Umer Chaudhry*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Malaria is the world’s fatal parasitic disease. The ability to quickly and accurately identify malaria infection in challenging environments is crucial to allow efficient administration of the best treatment regime for human patients. If those techniques are accessible and efficient, global detection of Plasmodium species will become more sensitive, allowing faster and more precise action to be taken for disease control strategies. Recent advances in technology have enhanced our ability to diagnose different species of Plasmodium parasites with greater sensitivity and specificity. This literature review provides a summary and discussion of the current methods for the diagnosis and identification of Plasmodium spp. in human blood samples. So far not a single method is precise, but advanced technologies give consistent identification of a Plasmodium infection in endemic regions. By using the power of the recent methods, we can provide a broader understanding of the multiplicity of infection and or transmission dynamics of Plasmodium spp. This will result in improved disease control strategies, better-informed policy, and effective treatment for malaria-positive patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100086
JournalCurrent Research in Parasitology & Vector-Borne Diseases
Early online date19 Mar 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Mar 2022


  • Malaria
  • Diagnosis
  • Plasmodium species
  • Identification


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