Cyclin G1 regulates the outcome of taxane-induced mitotic checkpoint arrest

P. Russell, B. T. Hennessy, J. Li, M. S. Carey, R. C. Bast, T. Freeman, A. R. Venkitaraman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anti-mitotic chemotherapeutic agents such as taxanes activate the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) to arrest anaphase onset, but taxane-exposed cells eventually undergo slippage to exit mitosis. The therapeutic efficacy of taxanes depends on whether slippage after SAC arrest culminates in continued cell survival, or in death by apoptosis. However, the mechanisms that determine these outcomes remain unclear. Here, we identify a novel role for cyclin G1 (CCNG1), an atypical cyclin. Increased CCNG1 expression accompanies paclitaxel-induced, SAC-mediated mitotic arrest, independent of p53 integrity or signaling through the SAC component, BUBR1. CCNG1 overexpression promotes cell survival after paclitaxel exposure. Conversely, CCNG1 depletion by RNA interference delays slippage and enhances paclitaxel-induced apoptosis. Consistent with these observations, CCNG1 amplification is associated with significantly shorter post-surgical survival in patients with ovarian cancer who have received adjuvant chemotherapy with taxanes and platinum compounds. Collectively, our findings implicate CCNG1 in regulating slippage and the outcome of taxane-induced mitotic arrest, with potential implications for cancer therapy. Oncogene (2012) 31, 2450-2460; doi: 10.1038/onc.2011.431; published online 7 November 2011
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2450-2460
Number of pages11
JournalOncogene
Volume31
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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