Data-Driven Machine Learning Approach for Predicting the Higher Heating Value of Different Biomass Classes

I C Afolabi, E I Epelle, B Gunes, Faith Güleç, J A Okolie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Higher heating values (HHV) is a very useful parameter for assessing the design and large-scale operation of biomass-driven energy systems. HHV is conventionally measured experimentally with an adiabatic oxygen bomb calorimeter. This procedure is often time-consuming and expensive. Furthermore, limited access to the required facilities is the main bottleneck for researchers. Empirical linear and nonlinear models have initially been proposed to address these concerns. However, most of the models showed discrepancies with experimental results. Data-driven machine learning (ML) methods have also been adopted for HHV predictions due to their suitability for nonlinear problems. However, most ML correlations are based on proximate or ultimate analysis. In addition, the models are only applicable to either the originator biomass or one specific type. To address these shortcomings, a total of 227 biomass datasets based on four classes of biomass, including agricultural residue, industrial waste, energy crop, and woody biomass, were employed to develop and verify three different ML models, namely artificial neural network (ANN), decision tree (DT) and random forest (RF). The model incorporates proximate and ultimate analysis data and biomass as input features. RF model is identified as the most reliable because of its lowest mean absolute error (MAE) of 1.01 and mean squared error (MSE) of 1.87. The study findings can be used to predict HHV accurately without performing experiments.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1227-1241
Number of pages15
JournalClean Technologies
Issue number4
Early online date22 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • artificial neural network
  • biofuel
  • Biomass
  • higher heating value
  • machine learning

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