Deciphering endothelial heterogeneity in health and disease at single cell resolution: progress and perspectives

Lisa M. Becker, Shiau-Haln Chen, Julie Rodor, Laura P. M. H. de Rooij, Andrew H Baker*, Peter Carmeliet*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Endothelial cells (ECs) constitute the inner lining of vascular beds in mammals and are crucial for homeostatic regulation of blood vessel physiology, but also play a key role in pathogenesis of many diseases, thereby representing realistic therapeutic targets. However, it has become evident that ECs are heterogeneous, encompassing several subtypes with distinct functions, which makes EC targeting and modulation in the disease-context challenging. The rise of the new single cell era has led to an emergence of studies aimed at interrogating transcriptome diversity along the vascular tree, and has revolutionized our understanding of EC heterogeneity from both a physiological and pathophysiological context. Here, we discuss recent landmark studies aimed at teasing apart the heterogeneous nature of ECs. We cover driving (epi)genetic, transcriptomic and metabolic forces underlying EC heterogeneity in health and disease, as well as current strategies used to combat disease-enriched EC phenotypes, and propose strategies to transcend largely descriptive heterogeneity towards prioritization and functional validation of therapeutically targetable drivers of EC diversity. Lastly, we provide an overview of the most recent advances and hurdles in single EC OMICs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCardiovascular Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2022

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