Decreased growth hormone receptor expression in long bones from toothless (osteopetrotic) rats and restoration by treatment with colony-stimulating factor-1

A L Symons, C A MacKay, K Leong, D A Hume, M J Waters, S C Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Growth hormone (GH) is known to regulate growth and development of skeletal tissues. This study examined the distribution of growth hormone receptor (GHR) expression in tibias from normal and osteopetrotic tl/tl rats. For normal 2 week-old rats, GHR expression was detected immunocytochemically in cells of the articular and epiphyseal cartilage, primary and secondary ossification centres, zone of resting cartilage and bone marrow. Within the marrow, GHR immunopositive cells were concentrated in the central cone and largely excluded from the zone of immature progenitors at the periphery. For the marrow haemopoietic compartment, GHR expression was almost restricted to the nucleus in large mononuclear cells, adipocytes and megakaryocytes. A population of small lymphocytelike cells in the marrow periphery expressed GHR on the plasma membrane. GHR was not detected in mature erythroid cells, macrophages, granulocytes, or osteoclasts. The expression of GHR was significantly reduced in bone marrow cells of the tl/tl rat (p <0.001) compared with normal animals. Injection of recombinant CSF-1 into tl/tl rats every 48 hours for 2 weeks from birth restored GHR-positive cells to the central core of the marrow space. The most striking change was the appearance of substantial numbers of mononuclear cells expressing abundant GHR on the cell surface. We infer that these cells are a novel subset of CSF-1 responsive cells involved in bone resorption. The differences in relative expression of GHR by bone marrow cells in untreated and CSF-1-treated tl/tl rats suggests a CSF-1-dependent recruitment of cells bearing surface GHRs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalGrowth Factors
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Bone Marrow
  • Bone Marrow Cells
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Nucleus
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Osteopetrosis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Somatotropin
  • Tibia


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