Defaults in linguistics

Nikolas Gisborne, Andrew Hippisley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The notion of default and override can serve linguistic analysis in different ways. In the lexicon defaults are used for the resolution of rule competition, to capture lexical blocking, to select the right stem where there are choices, and when used in inheritance systems to provide for instances that do not meet every characteristic of their class allowing exceptionality to be expressed as semi-regularity. Defaults in syntax and semantics play a more organizational, ontological role, expressing markedness in lists of features and their possible values and resolving conflicts that may arise when two sub-systems intersect. The chapters discuss how defaults and overrides can address specific linguistic phenomena, suggest an architecture of the grammar, and assess the role of morphology in language and cognition.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDefaults in Morphological Theory
EditorsNikolas Gisborne, Andrew Hippisley
PublisherOxford University Press
Chapter1
Pages1-17
ISBN (Print)9780198712329
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • morphosyntactic change
  • clitics
  • periphrasis
  • tense
  • word grammar

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