Defective removal of ribonucleotides from DNA promotes systemic autoimmunity

Claudia Guenther, Barbara Kind, Martin A. M. Reijns, Nicole Berndt, Manuel Martinez-Bueno, Christine Wolf, Victoria Tuengler, Osvaldo Chara, Young Ae Lee, Norbert Huebner, Louise Bicknell, Sophia Blum, Claudia Krug, Franziska Schmidt, Stefanie Kretschmer, Sarah Koss, Katy R. Astell, Georgia Ramantani, Anja Bauerfeind, David L. MorrisDeborah S. Cunninghame Graham, Doryen Bubeck, Andrea Leitch, Stuart H. Ralston, Elizabeth A. Blackburn, Manfred Gahr, Torsten Witte, Timothy J. Vyse, Inga Melchers, Elisabeth Mangold, Markus M. Noethen, Martin Aringer, Annegret Kuhn, Kirsten Luethke, Leonore Unger, Annette Bley, Alice Lorenzi, John D. Isaacs, Dimitra Alexopoulou, Karsten Conrad, Andreas Dahl, Axel Roers, Marta E. Alarcon-Riquelme, Andrew P. Jackson, Min Ae Lee-Kirsch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genome integrity is continuously challenged by the DNA damage that arises during normal cell metabolism. Biallelic mutations in the genes encoding the genome surveillance enzyme ribonuclease H2 (RNase H2) cause Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome (AGS), a pediatric disorder that shares features with the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here we determined that heterozygous parents of AGS patients exhibit an intermediate autoimmune phenotype and demonstrated a genetic association between rare RNASEH2 sequence variants and SLE. Evaluation of patient cells revealed that SLE- and AGS-associated mutations impair RNase H2 function and result in accumulation of ribonucleotides in genomic DNA. The ensuing chronic low level of DNA damage triggered a DNA damage response characterized by constitutive p53 phosphorylation and senescence. Patient fibroblasts exhibited constitutive upregulation of IFN-stimulated genes and an enhanced type I IFN response to the immunostimulatory nucleic acid polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid and UV light irradiation, linking RNase H2 deficiency to potentiation of innate immune signaling. Moreover, UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer formation was markedly enhanced in ribonucleotide-containing DNA, providing a mechanism for photosensitivity in RNase H2-associated SLE. Collectively, our findings implicate RNase H2 in the pathogenesis of SLE and suggest a role of DNA damage-associated pathways in the initiation of autoimmunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-424
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume125
Issue number1
Early online date15 Dec 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA Repair
  • Gene Expression
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Interferon Type I
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
  • Pyrimidine Dimers
  • Ribonuclease H

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