Deletion of PTPN22 improves effector and memory CD8+ T cell responses to tumors

Rebecca J. Brownlie, David Wright, Rose Zamoyska, Robert J. Salmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adoptive T cell therapy (ACT) has been established as an efficacious methodology for the treatment of cancer. Identifying targets to enhance the antigen recognition, functional capacity, and longevity of T cells has the potential to broaden the applicability of these approaches in the clinic. We previously reported that targeting expression of phosphotyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) in effector CD8+ T cells enhances the efficacy of ACT for tumor clearance in mice. In the current work, we demonstrate that, upon ACT, PTPN22-deficient effector CD8+ T cells afforded greater protection against tumors expressing very low-affinity antigen but did not survive long term in vivo. Persistence of CD8+ T cells following tumor clearance was improved by ACT of memory phenotype cells that have a distinct metabolic phenotype, as compared with effector T cells. Importantly, PTPN22-deficient T cells have comparable capacity to form long-lived memory cells in vivo but enhanced antitumor activity in vivo and effector responses ex vivo. These findings provide key insights into the regulation of effector and memory T cell responses in vivo and indicate that PTPN22 is a rational target to improve ACT for cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere127847
Journal JCI Insight
Volume4
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2019

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