Dendritic Cell Subtypes from Lymph Nodes and Blood Show Contrasted Gene Expression Programs upon Bluetongue Virus Infection

Suzana Ruscanu, Luc Jouneau, Céline Urien, Mickael Bourge, Jérôme Lecardonnel, Marco Moroldo, Benoit Loup, Marc Dalod, Jamila Elhmouzi-Younes, Claudia Bevilacqua, Jayne Hope, Damien Vitour, Stéphan Zientara, Gilles Meyer, Isabelle Schwartz-Cornil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Human and animal hemorrhagic viruses initially target dendritic cells (DCs). It has been proposed, but not documented, that both plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and conventional DCs (cDCs) may participate in the cytokine storm encountered in these infections. In order to evaluate the contribution of DCs in hemorrhagic virus pathogenesis, we performed a genome-wide expression analysis during infection by Bluetongue virus (BTV), a double-stranded RNA virus that induces hemorrhagic fever in sheep and initially infects cDCs. Both pDCs and cDCs accumulated in regional lymph nodes and spleen during BTV infection. The gene response profiles were performed at the onset of the disease and markedly differed with the DC subtypes and their lymphoid organ location. An integrative knowledge-based analysis revealed that blood pDCs displayed a gene signature related to activation of systemic inflammation and permeability of vasculature. In contrast, the gene profile of pDCs and cDCs in lymph nodes was oriented to inhibition of inflammation, whereas spleen cDCs did not show a clear functional orientation. These analyses indicate that tissue location and DC subtype affect the functional gene expression program induced by BTV and suggest the involvement of blood pDCs in the inflammation and plasma leakage/hemorrhage during BTV infection in the real natural host of the virus. These findings open the avenue to target DCs for therapeutic interventions in viral hemorrhagic diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9333-43
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume87
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

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