Depression, hassles and somatic symptoms in mandibular dysfunction patients.

J Wright, I J Deary, P R Geissler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Thirty-seven patients with mandibular dysfunction syndrome (MDS) and 30 age-, sex- and education matched dental outpatient controls were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hassles Scale and a symptom checklist derived from the DSM-III criteria for somatization disorder. MDS patients had higher levels of depressive symptoms than control patients (P < 0.05). though only five out of 37 (13.5 per cent) of the MDS patients had depression intensity levels suggesting clinically significant psychopathology. No significant differences were found between MDS patients and controls on the Hassles Scale, which fails to support the stress-induced muscular hyperactivity theory for the aetiology of' MDS syndrome. MDS patients reported having a past history of more somatic symptoms than did controls (P < 0.05). MDS patients were divided by a clinician into 'physical' and 'functional' groups based on their clinical history. Contrary to expectation, there were no between-group differences on any of the above-mentioned psychological variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-356
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Veterinary Dentistry
Volume19
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1991

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • MANDIBULAR DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME
  • ETIOLOGY
  • TEMPOROMANDIBULAR-JOINT DYSFUNCTION
  • PAIN-DYSFUNCTION
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL-FACTORS
  • STRESS
  • PERSONALITY
  • ANXIETY
  • LIFE

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