Deregulation of smooth muscle cell cytoskeleton within the human atherosclerotic coronary media layer

Fernando de la Cuesta, Irene Zubiri, Aroa S Maroto, Maria Posada, Luis R Padial, Fernando Vivanco, Gloria Alvarez-Llamas, Maria G Barderas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

 Fatal events derived from coronary atherosclerosis are the major cause of mortality in the developed countries. Proteomic analysis of the atherosclerotic coronary artery has been mainly carried out with whole tissue extracts, making it difficult to distinguish the alterations present in every region of the plaque. For this reason, we have recently described proteins altered in the human coronary intima layer as a consequence of the atherosclerotic disease. In order to complement this work, we aimed here to analyze proteomic alterations occurring within the human coronary media layer. Media layers from human atherosclerotic and preatherosclerotic coronary arteries were isolated by laser microdissection and compared by means of two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). Twelve proteins were found altered, 5 of which were cytoskeleton proteins decreased in the atherosclerotic coronary media. Among these, 4 proteins (filamin A, gelsolin, vinculin and vimentin) were further analyzed by immunohistochemistry and its alteration validated. Such cytoskeleton deregulation evidence, at the molecular level, explains how medial vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) switch from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype. Moreover, an oxidative stress response within the media, leaded by superoxide dismutase 3 and glycolysis activation, may have been triggered by atherosclerosis development.

BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Although atherosclerosis is mainly a disease of the intima layer, the media plays an important role in the initiation of the pathology, as a source of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which migrate into the intima and may additionally be affected by intima layer degeneration through pathogenesis. In fact, intimal thickening has been related to a mechanical compression of the media layer, resulting on a significant thinning of the latter in the atherosclerotic carotid and coronary arteries, which may provoke alterations at a molecular level. Here we provide the first differential proteomic analysis of atherosclerotic coronary media layer, reporting important alterations of this sub-proteome with pathogenesis. It is important to remark a cytoskeleton deregulation observed at the molecular level within VSMCs, which may be explained by a contractile to synthetic phenotype switch. Moreover, atherosclerosis seems to trigger an oxidative stress response within the coronary media layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-65
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of proteomics
Volume82
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Coronary Vessels
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Proteins
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
  • Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
  • Oxidative Stress

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