Derived variants at six genes explain nearly half of size reduction in dog breeds

Maud Rimbault, Holly C Beale, Jeffrey J Schoenebeck, Barbara C Hoopes, Jeremy J Allen, Paul Kilroy-Glynn, Robert K Wayne, Nathan B Sutter, Elaine A Ostrander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Selective breeding of dogs by humans has generated extraordinary diversity in body size. A number of multibreed analyses have been undertaken to identify the genetic basis of this diversity. We analyzed four loci discovered in a previous genome-wide association study that used 60,968 SNPs to identify size-associated genomic intervals, which were too large to assign causative roles to genes. First, we performed fine-mapping to define critical intervals that included the candidate genes GHR, HMGA2, SMAD2 and STC2, identifying five highly associated markers at the four loci. We hypothesize that three of the variants are likely to be causative variants. We then genotyped each marker, together with previously reported size-associated variants in the IGF1 and IGF1R genes, on a panel of 500 domestic dogs from 93 breeds and identified the ancestral allele by genotyping the same markers on 30 wild canids. We observed that the derived alleles at all markers correlated with reduced body size, and smaller dogs are more likely to carry derived alleles at multiple markers. However, breeds are not generally fixed at all markers; multiple combinations of genotypes are found within most breeds. Finally, we show that 46-52.5% of the variance in body size of dog breeds can be explained by seven markers in proximity to exceptional candidate genes. Among breeds with standard weights
Original languageEnglish
JournalGenome Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2013

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