Deriving metrics and measures in outdoor studies

Roger Anthony Scrutton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Reviewing metrics and measures reveals that quantitative evidence of the impact of outdoor programmes from experimental interventions is less impressive than qualitative evidence, with mean effect sizes no better than those from other educational interventions. Criticisms concerning the quality of experimental research in outdoor studies focus on employing suitable samples and appropriate questionnaires and control of numerous extraneous variables when conducting ‘real world’ research. Such challenges might be a factor in the inability of quantitative measures of benefit to match qualitative ones. Future research must work within these inherent constraints to deliver a conclusive measure of impact.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Methods in Outdoor Studies
EditorsBarbara Humberstone, Heather Prince
Place of PublicationOxford
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-429-19900-4
ISBN (Print)978-0-367-18883-2
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in Outdoor Studies


  • Metrics
  • Measures
  • outdoor education


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