Detecting the power spectrum turnover with Hi intensity mapping

Steven Cunnington

Research output: Contribution to journal โ€บ Article โ€บ peer-review

Abstract / Description of output

A goal for pathfinder intensity mapping (IM) surveys will be detecting features in the neutral hydrogen (Hi) power spectrum, which serve as conclusive evidence of cosmological signals. Observing such features at the expected scales in Hi IM auto-correlations, where contribution from systematics is uncertain, will provide a more convincing cosmological detection. We demonstrate how the turnover, i.e. the peak of the power spectrum at ultra-large scales, can be detected with Hi IM. We find that a MeerKAT 4,000 deg2 survey using the UHF-band is capable of a 3.1๐œŽ detection of the turnover, relative to a null model power spectrum with
no turnover. This should exceed that capable from current galaxy surveys in optical and near-infrared. The detection significance falls to โˆผ1๐œŽ in MeerKATโ€™s L-band but can reach โˆผ13๐œŽ with the SKAO, which should easily surpass the constraint capable from future Stage-IV-like spectroscopic galaxy surveys. We also propose a new model-independent methodology for constraining
the precise turnover scale (๐‘˜0) and our tests on UHF-band simulated data achieved a precision of 10%. This improved to 2.4% when using the full SKAO. We demonstrate how the results are robust to foreground contamination by using transfer functions, even when an incorrect cosmology has been assumed in their construction. Given that the turnover is related to the horizon scale at matter-radiation equality, a sufficiently precise constraint of ๐‘˜0 presents the possibility for a novel probe of cosmology. We therefore present a potential methodology for constructing a standard-ruler-based distance measurement, independent of the sound horizon, using the turnover location in the Hi power spectrum.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2408-2425
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume512
Issue number2
Early online date3 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

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