Determinants of duration of disability and return-to-work after work-related injury and illness: Challenges for future research

Niklas Krause*, John W. Frank, Lisa K. Dasinger, Terry J. Sullivan, Sandra J. Sinclair

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this review was to identify critical data and research needs in addressing the following question: What are the primary factors that affect the time lost from work, return-to-work (RTW), subsequent unemployment, and changes in occupation after disabling illness or injury? Methods: Review of the literature to identify research challenges originating from the multitude of disciplines, data sources, outcome measures, and methodological and analytical problems. Results: About 100 different determinants of RTW outcomes were identified. Their impact varies across different phases of the disablement process. Recommendations are provided for addressing five selected research challenges. Conclusions: Interdisciplinary research needs to develop a comprehensive conceptual framework. Priority should be given to studies on specific domains of risk factors meeting five selection criteria: amenability to change; relevance to users of research; generalizability across health conditions, disability phases, and settings; "degree of promise" as derived from qualitative exploratory studies; and capacity to improve measurement instruments. Combining qualitative and quantitative research methods is necessary to bridge existing knowledge gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-484
Number of pages21
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2001

Keywords

  • Job retention
  • Labor force participation
  • Occupational disability
  • Predictors
  • Prevention
  • Re-employment
  • Research policy
  • Review
  • Vocational rehabilitation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Determinants of duration of disability and return-to-work after work-related injury and illness: Challenges for future research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this