ObjectiveThis paper reviews potential age-associated risk factors for satisfactory oral function and oral disease to inform the development of care pathways for the older person.
BackgroundAlterations in dental status or both physical and biological change associated with age can impact on oral disease and oral function.
Materials and MethodsOlder people tend to have fewer teeth and some are edentulous. Physical and biological changes in bodily function with age can also affect oral health care either directly or indirectly.
ResultsReductions in chewing ability impact on the foods people choose to eat because of perceived difficulty with chewing, with a potentially deleterious affect on dietary quality. This is worse in people with xerostomia where chewing and swallowing are impaired anyway. Change in the cell-mediated inflammatory response impacts on gingival and periodontal disease manifestation and progression. Sarcopenia makes the physical act of toothbrushing more challenging. Caries remains a clinical problem that affects both the crowns and the roots of teeth. Coronal lesions tend to be around existing restorations where there is no evidence base about care/prevention.
ConclusionThe physical and clinical changes that occur with ageing require an altered pattern of care for older people which is adjusted to their disease risk and encourage diversity of foods consumption.
- oral health
- age changes
- periodontal disease
- CLINICAL ATTACHMENT LOSS
- SALIVARY FLOW-RATE
- SECONDARY CARIES
- RISK INDICATORS
- AMALGAM RESTORATIONS
- ADULT PERIODONTITIS
- XEROSTOMIC HEAD