Development and experimental validation of a 20K Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) oligonucleotide microarray based on a collection of over 150,000 ESTs

Marije Booman, Tudor Borza, Charles Y Feng, Tiago S Hori, Brent Higgins, Adrian Culf, Daniel Léger, Ian C Chute, Anissa Belkaid, Marlies Rise, A Kurt Gamperl, Sophie Hubert, Jennifer Kimball, Rodney J Ouellette, Stewart C Johnson, Sharen Bowman, Matthew L Rise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The collapse of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) wild populations strongly impacted the Atlantic cod fishery and led to the development of cod aquaculture. In order to improve aquaculture and broodstock quality, we need to gain knowledge of genes and pathways involved in Atlantic cod responses to pathogens and other stressors. The Atlantic Cod Genomics and Broodstock Development Project has generated over 150,000 expressed sequence tags from 42 cDNA libraries representing various tissues, developmental stages, and stimuli. We used this resource to develop an Atlantic cod oligonucleotide microarray containing 20,000 unique probes. Selection of sequences from the full range of cDNA libraries enables application of the microarray for a broad spectrum of Atlantic cod functional genomics studies. We included sequences that were highly abundant in suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) libraries, which were enriched for transcripts responsive to pathogens or other stressors. These sequences represent genes that potentially play an important role in stress and/or immune responses, making the microarray particularly useful for studies of Atlantic cod gene expression responses to immune stimuli and other stressors. To demonstrate its value, we used the microarray to analyze the Atlantic cod spleen response to stimulation with formalin-killed, atypical Aeromonas salmonicida, resulting in a gene expression profile that indicates a strong innate immune response. These results were further validated by quantitative PCR analysis and comparison to results from previous analysis of an SSH library. This study shows that the Atlantic cod 20K oligonucleotide microarray is a valuable new tool for Atlantic cod functional genomics research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-50
Number of pages18
JournalMarine Biotechnology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011


  • Aeromonas salmonicida
  • Animals
  • DNA Primers
  • Expressed Sequence Tags
  • Gadus morhua
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Library
  • Genomics
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Nodaviridae
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Spleen


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