Development of theoretically informed audit and feedback: an exemplar from a complex implementation strategy to improve asthma self-management in UK primary care

IMP2ART Group, Kirstie McClatchey, Aimee Sheldon, Liz Steed, Jessica Sheringham, Steve Holmes, Megan Preston, Francis Appiagyei, David Price, Stephanie Jc Taylor, Hilary Pinnock*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Rationale
Audit and feedback is an evidence-based implementation strategy, but studies reporting the use of theory to guide design elements are limited.
Aims and Objectives
Within the context of a programme of research aiming to improve the implementation of supported asthma self-management in UK primary care (IMPlementing IMProved Asthma self-management as RouTine [IMP2ART]), we aimed to design and develop theoretically-informed audit and feedback that highlighted supported asthma self-management provision and areas for improvement in primary care general practices.
Method
Aligned with the Medical Research Council (MRC) complex intervention framework, the audit and feedback was developed in three phases: (1) Development: literature and theory exploration, and prototype audit and feedback design; (2) Feasibility: eliciting feedback on the audit and feedback from general practice staff (n = 9); (3) Prepiloting: delivering the audit and feedback within the IMP2ART implementation strategy (incorporating patient and professional resources and an asthma review template) and eliciting clinician feedback (n = 9).
Results
Audit and feedback design was guided by and mapped to existing literature suggestions and theory (e.g., Theoretical Domains Framework, Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy). Feedback on the prototype audit and feedback confirmed feasibility but identified some refinements (a need to highlight supporting self-management and importance of asthma action plans). Prepiloting informed integration with other IMP2ART programme strategies (e.g., patient resources and professional education).
Conclusion
We conclude that a multistage development process including theory exploration and mapping, contributed to the design and delivery of the audit and feedback. Aligned with the MRC framework, the IMP2ART strategy (incorporating the audit and feedback) is now being tested in a UK-wide cluster randomised controlled trial.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Early online date12 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jul 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • asthma
  • audit and feedback
  • clinical audit
  • primary care
  • self-management

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