DGCR8-dependent microRNA biogenesis is essential for skin development

Rui Yi, H. Amalia Pasolli, Markus Landthaler, Markus Hafner, Tolulope Ojo, Robert Sheridan, Chris Sander, Donal O'Carroll, Markus Stoffel, Thomas Tuschl, Elaine Fuchs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

MicroRNAs play important roles in animal development. Numerous conditional knockout (cKO) studies of Dicer have been performed to interrogate the functions of microRNA during mammalian development. However, because Dicer was recently implicated in the biogenesis of endogenous siRNAs in mammals, it raises the question whether the Dicer cKO defects can be attributable to the loss of microRNAs. Previously, we and others conditionally targeted Dicer and identified its critical roles in embryonic skin morphogenesis. Here, we focus explicitly on microRNAs by taking a parallel strategy with Dgcr8, encoding an essential component of the microprocessor complex that is exclusively required for microRNA biogenesis. With this comparative analysis, we show definitively that the Dicer-and Dgcr8-null skin defects are both striking and indistinguishable. By deep sequencing analysis of microRNA depletion in both Dicer-and Dgcr8-null skin, we demonstrate that most abundantly expressed skin microRNAs are dependent on both Dicer and DGCR8. Our results underscore a specific importance of microRNAs in controlling mammalian skin development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-502
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)
Volume106
Issue number2
Early online date29 Dec 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2009

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • dicer
  • small RNAs
  • EMBRYONIC STEM-CELLS
  • MICROPROCESSOR COMPLEX
  • RNA-INTERFERENCE
  • REGULATORY RNAS
  • NUCLEAR EXPORT
  • MOUSE OOCYTES
  • ENZYME DICER
  • PRECURSORS
  • MORPHOGENESIS
  • RECOGNITION

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