Diodorus Siculus (40,2) and Flavius Josephus (ant. Iud. 14,41–45) both give an account about three Jewish delegations, which met Pompey in Damascus in 63 B. C. E. in order to demand a decision in the conflict between Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II. According to both historians, one of these delegations argued against both candidates and requested the abolition of kingship in Judea, preferring a priestly government. The study initially shows that this request is without a real parallel in Jewish history in Hasmonean (and Herodian) times. It then tries to contextualize the genesis of an early report about the events in Damascus. This report is understood as a part of Pompey′s self-presentation. Thereafter the study analyzes the function of the report in both Diodorus and Josephus, taking into account their presumable historiographical concepts. Based on this approach, the historicity of the reported events is challenged.
- 1. Jh. v. Chr.
- jüdische Gesandtschaft