Differences in perceptions and fast food eating behaviours between Indians living in high- and low-income neighbourhoods of Chandigarh, India

Christopher Robert Aloia*, Danijela Gasevic, Salim Yusuf, Koon Teo, Arun Chockalingam, Binod Kumar Patro, Rajesh Kumar, Scott Alexander Lear

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Increased density of fast food restaurants is associated with increased prevalence of obesity in developed countries. However, less is known about this relationship in developing countries undergoing rapid urbanization and how differences in neighbourhood income affect the patronage of fast food outlets. The purpose of the study is to explore the differences in fast food preferences, perceptions, and patronage between Indians living in high- and low-income neighbourhoods.

Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 204 men and women (35 to 65 years in age) from high-and low-income neighbourhoods who completed a questionnaire on fast food consumption. The questionnaire asked participants to define fast food and to provide reasons for and frequency of visits to fast food restaurants. The differences were analyzed using Chi square and t-tests for categorical and continuous variables, respectively.

Results: Participants from a high-income neighbourhood were more likely to perceive Western -style fast food as fast food, while people from the low-income neighbourhood were more likely to identify food sold by street vendors as fast food (p

Conclusions: Overall, consumption of fast food was low. People from a high-income neighbourhood dined out more frequently and were more likely to perceive Western-style food as fast food compared to their counterparts from the low-income neighbourhood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition journal
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Fast food
  • Neighbourhood income
  • Street food
  • India
  • South Asian
  • INSULIN-RESISTANCE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • OBESITY
  • DIET
  • DETERMINANTS
  • CONSUMPTION
  • PATTERNS

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