Differential expression of pattern recognition receptors in sheep tissues and leukocyte subsets

King S Nalubamba, Anton G Gossner, Robert G Dalziel, John Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The various members of the different pattern recognition receptor families are now recognized as playing a crucial role in the initial interactions between a pathogen and the host. This paper identifies all 10 members of the TLR family in sheep as well as key members of the C-type lectin and NLR families. Our data show that sheep possess the 'human' and not the 'mouse' pattern of TLRs and confirm the high degree of sequence identity between orthologous genes in the different species. In the absence of definitive antibodies, qRT-PCR assays were developed to quantify PRR transcript expression patterns in a range of normal sheep tissues as well as isolated dendritic cell (DC) and leukocyte subsets. These data show that the lymphoid organs (spleen and lymph nodes) express the widest range of PRRs and that organs such as the lung and kidney have distinctive arrays of PRRs that reflect their potential risk of pathogen exposure. In addition we show that the two DC subsets, defined by the differential expression of CD172a/CD45RA and their cytokine expression profiles, have different and characteristic PRR complements again possibly reflecting their distinctive function. These data are important for future studies on the role of PRRs in disease pathogenesis and control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-62
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2007


  • Animals
  • Dendritic Cells
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Kidney
  • Leukocytes
  • Lung
  • Lymph
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Receptors, Pattern Recognition
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sheep
  • Skin
  • Spleen
  • Urinary Bladder


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