Differential expression of TGF beta isoforms in murine palatogenesis

D R Fitzpatrick, F Denhez, P Kondaiah, R J Akhurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have studied the expression of genes encoding transforming growth factors (TGFs) beta 1, beta 2 and beta 3 during development of the secondary palate in the mouse from 11.5 to 15.5 days postcoitum using in situ hybridisation. The RNA detected at the earliest developmental stage is TGF beta 3, which is localised in the epithelial component of the vertical palatal shelf. This expression continues in the horizontal palatal shelf, predominantly in the medial edge epithelium, and is lost as the epithelial seam disrupts, soon after palatal shelf fusion. TGF beta 1 RNA is expressed with the same epithelial pattern as TGF beta 3, but is not detectable until the horizontal palatal shelf stage. TGF beta 2 RNA is localised to the palatal mesenchyme underlying the medial edge epithelia in the horizontal shelves and in the early postfusion palate. The temporal and spatial distribution of TGF beta 1, beta 2 and beta 3 RNAs in the developing palate, together with a knowledge of in vitro TGF beta biological activities, suggests an important role for TGF beta isoforms in this developmental process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-95
Number of pages11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1990


  • Animals
  • Cleft Palate
  • DNA Probes
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Palate
  • RNA Probes
  • Transforming Growth Factors


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