PURPOSE: To identify differential contrast enhancement patterns in different focal hepatic lesions after injection of the microbubble contrast agent SonoVue using high or low acoustic power imaging.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-seven focal hepatic lesions (1-8 cm) were detected in 45 patients at unenhanced gray-scale ultrasound (US) and evaluated by color Doppler (CD) US with spectral analysis of tumoral vessels. Lesions were subsequently evaluated by US contrast specific modes after IV bolus administration of 2,4-4,8 ml of SonoVue, by intermittent high acoustic power (18 patients) or by continous low acoustic power imaging (27 patients), during arterial, portal and late phase. Subjective evaluation of lesions appearance before and after SonoVue injection was performed. For final diagnosis multiphasic helical CT (21 patients) and/or fine needle US guided biopsy (24 patients) were considered as the reference procedures.
RESULTS: Final diagnoses comprised 22 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs; 1,5-6 cm), 2 macroregenerative nodules (RNNs; 1-2 cm), 10 metastasis (2-3,5 cm), 10 hemangiomas (2-6 cm) and 3 focal nodular hyperplasias (FNHs; 1-3 cm). On CD evaluation HCCs revealed peripheral basket shaped (12/22) or intranodular (10/22) arterial pattern while, after SonoVue injection HCCs revealed diffuse contrast enhancement during arterial phase with contrast washout during portal and late phase. Metastases did not reveal flow signals on CD or contrast enhancement after SonoVue injection, except for 2 metastases which revealed peripheral and central vessels on CD and a diffuse contrast enhancement during arterial phase, appearing hypoechoic to the adjacent liver during portal and late phase. RNNs revealed dotted contrast-enhancement during portal and late phase with isoechoic appearance to the adjacent liver. Hemangiomas revealed some peripheral venous flows on CD and a peripheral nodular contrast enhancement during arterial phase with a centripetal fill-in during portal and late phase. FNHs revealed low resistance peripheral or central arterial vessels and a diffuse contrast enhancement during arterial phase, preceded or not by central spoke wheel shaped contrast enhancement, and a persistent iso-hyperechogenicity during portal and late phase.
CONCLUSIONS: SonoVue injection has showed to identify differential contrast enhancement patterns in different focal hepatic lesions.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2004|
- Aged, 80 and over
- Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
- Contrast Media
- Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
- Liver Diseases
- Liver Neoplasms
- Middle Aged
- Sulfur Hexafluoride