Differential protection of neuromuscular sensory and motor axons and their endings in Wld(S) mutant mice

O. R. O. Oyebode, R. Hartley, J. Singhota, D. Thomson, R. R. Ribchester*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Orthograde Wallerian degeneration normally brings about fragmentation of peripheral nerve axons and their sensory or motor endings within 24-48 h in mice. However, neuronal expression of the chimaeric, Wld(S) gene mutation extends survival of functioning axons and their distal endings for up to 3 weeks after nerve section. Here we studied the pattern and rate of degeneration of sensory axons and their annulospiral endings in deep lumbrical muscles of Wld(S) mice, and compared these with motor axons and their terminals, using neurone-specific transgenic expression of the fluorescent proteins yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) or cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) as morphological reporters. Surprisingly, sensory endings were preserved for up to 20 days, at least twice as long as the most resilient motor nerve terminals. Protection of sensory endings and axons was also much less sensitive to Wld(S) gene-copy number or age than motor axons and their endings. Protection of gamma-motor axons and their terminals innervating the juxtaequatorial and polar regions of the spindles was less than sensory axons but greater than alpha-motor axons. The differences between sensory and motor axon protection persisted in electrically silent, organotypic nerve-explant cultures suggesting that residual axonal activity does not contribute to the sensory-motor axon differences in vivo. Quantitative, Wld(S)-specific immunostaining of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurones and motor neurones in homozygous Wld(S) mice suggested that the nuclei of large DRG neurones contain about 2.4 times as much Wld(S) protein as motor neurones. By contrast, nuclear fluorescence of DRG neurones in homozygotes was only 1.5 times brighter than in heterozygotes stained under identical conditions. Thus, differences in axonal or synaptic protection within the same Wld(S) mouse may most simply be explained by differences in expression level of Wld(S) protein between neurones. Mimicry of Wld(S)-induced protection may also have applications in treatment of neurotoxicity or peripheral neuropathies in which the integrity of sensory endings may be especially implicated. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of IBRO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-158
Number of pages17
JournalNeuroscience
Volume200
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2012

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • muscle spindle
  • RAT MODEL
  • sensory neurone
  • ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
  • MOUSE MODEL
  • WALLERIAN DEGENERATION WLD(S)
  • motor neurone
  • NERVE DEGENERATION
  • TRANSGENIC MICE
  • AMYOTROPHIC-LATERAL-SCLEROSIS
  • axon
  • SYNAPSE WITHDRAWAL
  • TIME-COURSE
  • neuromuscular junction
  • MUSCLE-SPINDLES
  • Wallerian degeneration

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