The aim of this pilot study was to assess prospectively the feasibility of conventional B-mode ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with real-time strain elastography (SE) in the differentiation of inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures among patients with Crohn's disease (CD) based on visual analysis. Twenty non-consecutive patients (15 male and 5 female; mean age ± standard deviation, 40.2 ± 10.22 y) with CD and stricture of the terminal ileal loop were scanned by conventional B-mode US and CEUS and, subsequently, by real-time SE. Two independent readers visually classified each bowel stricture as fibrotic or inflammatory based on conventional B-mode US, CEUS, SE, individually and then for all techniques combined. All techniques combined had a higher (p <0.05) sensitivity (reader 1, 9/20 [45%]; reader 2, 7/20 [35%]), specificity (reader 1, 5/20 [25%]; reader 2, 8/20 [40%]) and diagnostic accuracy (reader 1, 14/20 [70%]; reader 2, 15/20 [75%]) and higher (p <0.05) area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (reader 1, 0.953; reader 2, 0.921) than individual techniques. Inter-reader agreement was fair for conventional B-mode US (k = 0.46) and CEUS (k = 0.39), moderate for SE (k = 0.6) and fair for all techniques combined (k = 0.38). Conventional B-mode US and CEUS, in combination with SE, may improve differentiation of inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures among patients with CD based on visual analysis.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (UMB)|
|Early online date||10 Jan 2018|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2018|
- Journal Article