Diffusion mechanism of CO2 in 13X zeolite beads

Xiayi Hu, Enzo Mangano, Daniel Friedrich, Hyungwoong Ahn, Stefano Brandani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A systematic study of the diffusion mechanism of CO2 in commercial 13X zeolite beads is presented. In order to gain a complete understanding of the diffusion process of CO2, kinetic measurements with a zero length column (ZLC) system and a volumetric apparatus have been carried out. The ZLC experiments were carried out on a single bead of zeolite 13X at 38 A degrees C at a partial pressure of CO2 of 0.1 bar, conditions representative of post-combustion capture. Experiments with different carrier gases clearly show that the diffusion process is controlled by the transport inside the macropores. Volumetric measurements using a Quantachrome Autosorb system were carried out at different concentrations. These experiments are without a carrier gas and the low pressure measurements show clearly Knudsen diffusion control in both the uptake cell and the bead macropores. At increasing CO2 concentrations the transport mechanism shifts from Knudsen diffusion in the macropores to a completely heat limited process. Both sets of experiments are consistent with independent measurements of bead void fraction and tortuosity and confirm that under the range of conditions that are typical of a carbon capture process the system is controlled by macropore diffusion mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-135
Number of pages15
JournalAdsorption
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Zeolite
  • Mass transfer kinetics
  • Adsorption
  • Carbon capture
  • PRESSURE SWING ADSORPTION
  • CARBON-DIOXIDE
  • FLUE-GAS
  • FREQUENCY-RESPONSE
  • RECOVERY
  • SORPTION
  • CAPTURE
  • PELLETS
  • EQUILIBRIUM
  • ADSORBENTS

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