Distributed Cooperative Control of Microgrid Storage

Thomas Morstyn, Branislav Hredzak, Vassilios G. Agelidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

This paper proposes dynamic energy level balancing between distributed storage devices as a strategy to improve frequency regulation and reliability in droop controlled microgrids. This has been achieved with a distributed multi-agent cooperative control system which modifies the output power of droop controlled storage devices so that they reach a balanced energy state. As the storage devices approach a common energy level they are able to contribute their full power capacity to deal with generation and demand fluctuations in the microgrid. The cooperative control system also provides secondary frequency control, restoring the microgrid to the reference frequency. Simulations have been completed showing that the cooperative control system improves frequency regulation compared to traditional droop control strategies when the storage devices begin at different energy levels and the microgrid experiences generation or demand variability. A control input saturation constraint has been developed which ensures that the cooperative control system will not overload the storage devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2780-2789
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number5
Early online date27 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2015


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