Divergence-free approach for obtaining decompositions of quantum-optical processes

K. K. Sabapathy, J. S. Ivan, R. García-Patrón, R. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Operator-sum representations of quantum channels can be obtained by applying the channel to one subsystem of a maximally entangled state and deploying the channel-state isomorphism. However, for continuous-variable systems, such schemes contain natural divergences since the maximally entangled state is ill defined. We introduce a method that avoids such divergences by utilizing finitely entangled (squeezed) states and then taking the limit of arbitrary large squeezing. Using this method, we derive an operator-sum representation for all single-mode bosonic Gaussian channels where a unique feature is that both quantum-limited and noisy channels are treated on an equal footing. This technique facilitates a proof that the rank-1 Kraus decomposition for Gaussian channels at its respective entanglement-breaking thresholds, obtained in the overcomplete coherent-state basis, is unique. The methods could have applications to simulation of continuous-variable channels.
Original languageEnglish
Article number022339
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2018

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