Diversity in the workplace: A review of theory and methodologies and propositions for future research

Debora Gottardello*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Globalization has given rise to a great diversity in the composition of people in organizations. Diversity management is therefore key to create growth in today’s competitive global marketplace. This work develops a literature review related to the existing models for managing diversity covering the period from 1980 until 2016. Furthermore, it identifies limitations in previous models. More specifically, the literature review reveals that there is a lack of information about how these models can be transferred from the headquarters to the subsidiaries. Therefore, the contribution of this paper is to suggest how the models should be adapted when they are directed to host countries. Our aim is to highlight the limitations of the developed models with regards to the translation of the diversity management practices to the subsidiaries. Accordingly, a model that will enable MNCs to ensure a global strategy is suggested. Taking advantage of the potential incorporated in a culturally diverse work team should be at the top of every international company’s aims. Further studies should reassess local practices of diversity management to find out how this universal management model is translated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-221
Number of pages20
JournalSociologia del Lavoro
Issue number153
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2019

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • culture diversity
  • diversity management
  • human resources management
  • subsidiaries


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