Do young people not in education, employment or training experience long-term occupational scarring? A longitudinal analysis over 20 years of follow-up

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Abstract

NEET is a contested concept in the literature. However, it is consistently used by policy makers and shown in research to be associated with negative outcomes. In this paper we examine whether NEET status is associated with subsequent occupational scarring using the Scottish Longitudinal Study which provides a 5.3% sample of Scotland, based on the censuses of 1991, 2001 and 2011. We model occupational position, using CAMSIS, controlling for the influence of sex, limiting long term illness, educational attainment and geographical deprivation. We find the NEET categorization to be a strong marker of subsequent negative outcomes at the aggregate level. This appears to be redolent of a Matthew effect, whereby disadvantage accumulates to the already disadvantaged. Our results also show that negative NEET effects are variable when stratifying by educational attainment and are different for men and women. These findings confirm that there are negative effects on occupational position associated with prior NEET status but that outcomes are heterogeneous depending on levels of education and gender.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-221
JournalContemporary Social Science
Volume11
Issue number2-3
Early online date19 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Keywords

  • NEET
  • occupation
  • employment
  • scarring
  • Scotland

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