Does abdominal obesity have a similar impact on cardiovascular disease and diabetes? A study of 91 246 ambulant patients in 27 European Countries

IDEA Steering Comm, IDEA Natl Coordinators, Keith A. A. Fox, Jean-Pierre Despres, Alain-Jean Richard, Sandrine Brette, John E. Deanfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Differences in cardiovascular risk factors across Europe provide an opportunity to examine the impact of adiposity on the frequency of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

The International Day for Evaluation of Abdominal obesity (IDEA) study evaluated the prevalence of abdominal obesity, elevated body mass index (BMI), and other cardiometabolic risk factors among primary care patients. Abdominal obesity predicted increased diabetes risk, despite socio-economic, demographic, and risk factor differences. Cardiovascular disease was at least two-fold more frequent in Eastern Europe vs. Northwest Europe (P < 0.0001) and 2.5-fold more vs. Southern Europe (P < 0.0001). Waist circumference (WC) predicted increased (P < 0.0001) age- and BMI-adjusted risks of CVD and diabetes. In women, odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for CVD per 1 SD increase in WC were: Northwest Europe 1.28 (1.18-1.40); Southern Europe 1.26 (1.16-1.37); and Eastern Europe 1.10 (1.03-1.18). Values for diabetes were 1.72 (1.58-1.88), 1.45 (1.35-1.56), and 1.59 (1.46-1.73), with similar findings in men.

Abdominal obesity impacted similarly on the frequency of diabetes across Europe, despite regional differences in cardiovascular risk factors and CVD rates. Increasing abdominal obesity may offset future declines in CVD, even where CVD rates are lower.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3055-3063
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume30
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Risk factors
  • Abdominal obesity

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