Does Apolipoprotein E Genotype Influence the Risk of Ischemic Stroke, Intracerebral Hemorrhage, or Subarachnoid Hemorrhage?: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses of 31 Studies Among 5961 Cases and 17 965 Controls

C. Sudlow, N. A. Martinez Gonzalez, J. Kim, C. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Apolipoprotein E genotype (APOE) is associated with cholesterol metabolism, ischemic heart disease, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy, and so may affect risk of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. METHODS: We comprehensively sought and identified studies of the association of apoE with ischemic stroke (IS), intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We did meta-analyses to assess the evidence for an association between APOE and the various pathological types and subtypes of stroke, and assessed the effects of several methodological criteria.

RESULTS: We analyzed data from 31 eligible studies (26 IS, 8 ICH, and 3 SAH) in 5961 cases and 17 965 controls. epsilon4 allele-containing (epsilon4+) genotypes were significantly associated with IS (odds ratio [OR], 1.11; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.22) and SAH (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.99) and nonsignificantly with ICH (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.93 to 1.44), whereas epsilon2+ genotypes were associated with ICH (OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.74). Associations appeared stronger with epsilon4+ genotypes for large artery compared with other IS subtypes and for Asian compared with white populations, and with epsilon2+ genotypes for lobar compared with deep hemorrhages. However, we found no association between epsilon4+ genotypes and IS when we analyzed only larger studies (>200 cases; OR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.11) or studies without control selection bias (OR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.85 to 1.17).

CONCLUSIONS: Publication and selection biases make existing studies of APOE and stroke unreliable. Further, very large, methodologically rigorous studies are needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-370
JournalStroke
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006

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