Does bone compaction around the helical blade of a proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) decrease the risk of cut-out? A subject-specific computational study.

Jérôme M Goffin, Pankaj Pankaj, Hamish Simpson, R. Seil, T. G. Gerich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

OBJECTIVES: Because of the contradictory body of evidence related to the potential benefits of helical blades in trochanteric fracture fixation, we studied the effect of bone compaction resulting from the insertion of a proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA).

METHODS: We developed a subject-specific computational model of a trochanteric fracture (31-A2 in the AO classification) with lack of medial support and varied the bone density to account for variability in bone properties among hip fracture patients.

RESULTS: We show that for a bone density corresponding to 100% of the bone density of the cadaveric femur, there does not seem to be any advantage in using a PFNA with respect to the risk of blade cut-out. On the other hand, in a more osteoporotic femoral head characterised by a density corresponding to 75% of the initial bone density, local bone compaction around the helical blade provides additional bone purchase, thereby decreasing the risk of cut-out, as quantified by the volume of bone susceptible to yielding.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate benefits of using a PFNA over an intramedullary nail with a conventional lag screw and suggest that any clinical trial reporting surgical outcomes regarding the use of helical blades should include a measure of the femoral head bone density as a covariable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalBone & Joint Research
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Finite element analysis
  • Osteosynthesis
  • Cadaveric bone
  • Trochanteric fracture
  • PFNA
  • Cut-out
  • FINITE-ELEMENT MODELS
  • HIP SCREW
  • RESISTANCE
  • INSERTION
  • FRACTURE
  • IMPLANT
  • FAILURE

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