DR Detection Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA): A Transfer Learning Approach with Robustness Analysis

Rayna Andreeva, Alessandro Fontanella, Ylenia Giarratano, Miguel O. Bernabeu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

OCTA imaging is an emerging modality for the discovery of retinal biomarkers in systemic disease. Several studies have already shown the potential of deep learning algorithms in the medical domain. However, they generally require large amount of manually graded images which may not always be available. In our study, we aim to investigate whether transfer learning can help in identifying patient status from a relatively small dataset. Additionally, we explore if data augmentation may help in improving our classification accuracy. Finally, for the first time, we propose a validation of our model on OCTA images acquired with a different device. OCTA scans from three different groups of participants were analysed: diabetic with and without retinopathy (DR and NoDR, respectively) and healthy subjects. We used the convolutional neural network architecture VGG16 and achieved \(83.29\%\) accuracy when classifying DR, NoDR and Controls. Our results demonstrate how transfer learning enables fairly accurate OCTA scan classification and augmentation based on geometric transformations helps in improving the classification accuracy further. Finally, we show how our model maintains consistent performance across OCTA imaging devices, without any re-training.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Workshop on Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis
PublisherSpringer, Cham
Pages11-20
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-63419-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-63418-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2020

Publication series

NameOphthalmic Medical Image Analysis
Volume12069
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

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