Drug-induced Anaphylaxis Documented in Electronic Health Records

Neil Dhopeshwarkar, Aziz Sheikh, Raymond Doan, Maxim Topaz, David W Bates, Kimberly G Blumenthal, Li Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although drugs represent a common cause of anaphylaxis, few large studies of drug-induced anaphylaxis have been performed.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and validity of reported drug-induced anaphylaxis in the electronic health records (EHRs) of a large United States healthcare system.

METHODS: Using EHR drug allergy data from 1995-2013, we determined the population prevalence of anaphylaxis including anaphylaxis prevalences over time, and the most commonly implicated drugs/drug classes reported to cause anaphylaxis. Patient risk factors for drug-induced anaphylaxis were assessed using a logistic regression model. Serum tryptase and allergist visits were used to assess the validity and follow up of EHR-reported anaphylaxis.

RESULTS: Among 1,756,481 patients, 19,836 (1.1%) reported drug-induced anaphylaxis: Penicillins (45.9 per 10,000), sulfonamide antibiotics (15.1 per 10,000), and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (13.0 per 10,000) were most commonly implicated. Patients with white race (odds ratio [OR] 2.38, 95% CI 2.27-2.49), female sex (OR 2.20, 95% CI 2.13-2.28), systemic mastocytosis (OR 4.60, 95% CI 2.66-7.94), Sjögren's syndrome (OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.47-2.56), and asthma (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.43-1.59) had an increased odds of drug-induced anaphylaxis. Serum tryptase was performed in 135 (<1%) anaphylaxis cases and 1,587 patients (8.0%) saw an allergist for follow-up.

CONCLUSION: EHR-reported anaphylaxis occurred in approximately 1% of patients, most commonly from penicillins, sulfonamide antibiotics, and NSAIDs. Females, whites, and patients with mastocytosis, Sjögren's syndrome, and asthma had increased odds of reporting drug-induced anaphylaxis. The low observed frequency of tryptase testing and specialist evaluation emphasize the importance of educating providers on anaphylaxis management.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe journal of allergy and clinical immunology. In practice
Early online date30 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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