Dynamic changes in DNA modification states during late gestation male germ line development in the rat

Catherine M Rose, Sander Van Den Driesche, Richard M Sharpe, Richard R Meehan, Amanda J Drake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
Epigenetic reprogramming of fetal germ cells involves the genome-wide erasure and subsequent re-establishment of DNA methylation. Mouse studies indicate that DNA demethylation may be initiated at embryonic day (e) 8 and completed between e11.5 and e12.5. In the male germline, DNA remethylation begins around e15 and continues for the remainder of gestation whilst this process occurs postnatally in female germ cells. Although 5-methylcytosine (5mC) dynamics have been extensively characterised, a role for the more recently described DNA modifications (5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC)) remains unclear. Moreover, the extent to which the developmental dynamics of 5mC reprogramming is conserved across species remains largely undetermined. Here, we sought to describe this process during late gestation in the male rat.
Results
Using immunofluorescence, we demonstrate that 5mC is re-established between e18.5 and e21.5 in the rat, subsequent to loss of 5hmC, 5fC and 5caC, which are present in germ cellss
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19
JournalEpigenetics and Chromatin
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

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