Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in patients with muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder can distinguish between residual tumour and post-chemotherapy effect

Stephanie B Donaldson, Suzanne C Bonington, Lucy E Kershaw, Richard Cowan, Jeanette Lyons, Tony Elliott, Bernadette M Carrington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer with chemotherapy results in haemorrhagic inflammation, mimicking residual tumour on conventional MR images and making interpretation difficult. The aim of this study was to use dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) to estimate descriptive and tracer kinetic parameters post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy and to investigate whether parameters differed in areas of residual tumour and chemotherapy-induced haemorrhagic inflammation (treatment effect, Tr-Eff).

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-one patients underwent DCE-MRI scans with 2.5s temporal resolution before and following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Regions-of-interest (ROIs) were defined in areas suspicious of residual tumour on T2-weighted MRI scans. Data were analysed semi-quantitatively and with a two-compartment exchange model to obtain parameters including relative signal intensity (rSI80s) and plasma perfusion (Fp) respectively. The bladder was subsequently examined histologically after cystectomy for evidence of residual tumour and/or Tr-Eff. Differences in parameters measured in areas of residual tumour and Tr-Eff were examined using Student's t-test.

RESULTS: Twenty-four abnormal sites were defined after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. On pathology, 10 and 14 areas were identified as residual tumour and Tr-Eff respectively. Median rSI80s and Fp were significantly higher in areas of residual tumour than Tr-Eff (rSI80s = 2.9 vs 1.7, p < 0.001; Fp = 20.7 vs 9.1 ml/100ml/min, p = 0.03). The sensitivity and specificity for differentiating residual tumour from Tr-Eff were 70% and 100% (rSI80s), 60% and 86% (Fp), and 75% and 100% when combined.

CONCLUSION: DCE-MRI parameters obtained post-treatment are capable of distinguishing between residual tumour and treatment effect in patients treated for bladder cancer with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2161-8
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume82
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Contrast Media
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Neoplasms
  • Myositis
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm, Residual
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms

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