Dynamic increase factor (DIF) for concrete in compression and tension in FE modelling with a local concrete model

Xiaoqin Li, Qianjun Chen, Jian-Fei Chen, Junzhi Liao, Yong Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The dynamic increase factor (DIF) in the strength of concrete-like materials has been a subject of extensive investigation and debate for many years. It now tends to be generally accepted that the compression DIF as observed from standard sample tests is mainly attributable to the dynamic structural effect, whereas for concrete under tension the DIF is deemed to be governed by different mechanisms, probably more from the material and micro-fracture level. This paper presents a numerical study on the uniaxial compression and tension DIF, with a particular focus on how the DIF, irrespective of its cause, should be included in an appropriate manner in the finite element (FE) modelling with a local concrete model. The inevitable mesh-dependency issue due to numerical localisation and its implications on rate effects are examined in detail. A mesh-objective modification on the standard sample tested tension DIF is proposed with the aim to achieve relatively mesh independent analysis in the FE models where high strain-rate tension is involved. The results demonstrate that the proposed approach is effective, and reliable modelling results can be achieved with the proposed DIF modelling scheme for the local concrete model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104079
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
Early online date12 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Local concrete model
  • FE
  • dynamic increasing factor
  • DIF
  • Mesh & rate dependence
  • impact tests


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