Dynamic loss and magnetization loss of HTS coated conductors, stacks, and coils for high-speed synchronous machines

Hongye Zhang, Philip Machura, Kevin Kails, Hongyi Chen, Markus Mueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Dynamic loss is an essential parameter to consider for the design of high temperature superconducting (HTS) synchronous machine windings. For aerospace electric propulsion systems, the fundamental frequency component and harmonics in electric machines can attain kHz level because of the high rotating speed. However, for HTS coated conductors (CC), the existing definition of dynamic loss only considers the HTS layer, the validity of which at high frequencies is questionable. Besides, the variation of dynamic loss and magnetization loss under skin effect due to high frequency is still unknown. Additionally, the influence of shielding effects among distinct turns on the dynamic loss of HTS stacks and coils remains unclear. In response to the above concerns, by use of the H-formulation based numerical multilayer modelling method which considers all layers of a CC, the frequency dependence of dynamic loss and magnetization loss of HTS CCs, stacks and coils over a wide range up to 20 kHz has been investigated. Results show that the existing definition of the dynamic region is no longer valid at kHz level, which shrinks rapidly with increasing frequency and magnetization loss plays a progressively important role due to skin effect. Meanwhile, the shielding effect in HTS stacks and coils can enhance the significance of dynamic loss. This paper clarifies the characteristics of dynamic loss and magnetization loss of HTS CCs, stacks, and coils over a wide frequency band, which can serve as a useful reference for accurate loss controlling of machine windings in future aerospace HTS propulsion systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number084008
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume33
Issue number8
Early online date9 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

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