Dynamic responses of a spar type floating offshore wind turbine with failed moorings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

The complex dynamic characteristics of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines (FOWTs) have raised wider consideration, as they are likely to experience harsher environments and higher instabilities than the bottom fixed offshore wind turbines. Safer design of a mooring system is critical for floating offshore wind turbine structures for station keeping. Failure of mooring lines may lead to further destruction, such as significant changes to the platform's location and possible collisions with a neighbouring platform and eventually complete loss of the turbine structure may occur. The present study focuses on the dynamic responses of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)'s OC3-Hywind spar type floating platform with a NREL offshore 5-MW baseline wind turbine under failed mooring conditions using the fully coupled numerical simulation tool FAST. The platform motions in surge, heave and pitch under multiple scenarios are calculated in time-domain. The results describing the FOWT motions in the form of response amplitude operators (RAOs) and spectral densities are presented and discussed in detail. The results indicate that the loss of the mooring system firstly leads to long-distance drift and changes in platform motions. The natural frequencies and the energy contents of the platform motion, the RAOs of the floating structures are affected by the mooring failure to different degrees.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2020 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780791884416
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2020
EventASME 2020 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 3 Aug 20207 Aug 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE
Volume9

Conference

ConferenceASME 2020 39th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period3/08/207/08/20

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Dynamic response
  • Floating offshore wind turbine
  • Mooring failure
  • RAO
  • SPAR

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