Early pulmonary cell response during experimental maedi-visna virus infection

I Begara, L Luján, D D Collie, H R Miller, N J Watt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A model of experimental infection with EV1, a British isolate of maedi-visna virus (MVV), has been developed. Twelve male Texel sheep were allocated to three groups and inoculated by the respiratory route with different inocula. Six of the animals received 10(7.2) tissue culture infective dose (TCID50) of MVV EV1 strain. Two sheep were inoculated with the same dose of heat inactivated MVV EV1 strain. An additional group of four sheep was sham-inoculated with identically prepared virus-free culture media. Experimental infection was followed for 16 weeks. Prior to inoculation, routine haematology, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and flow cytometric analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) lymphocytes were performed in all animals to provide baseline parameters. Flow cytometric analysis of BALF lymphocytes and differential BALF cell counts were performed. Precipitating antibodies to MVV developed in all MVV-inoculated animals during the first 4 weeks post-inoculation, while the rest remained seronegative to MVV. MVV-infected animals had significantly decreased (P <0.05) percentages of macrophages and significantly increased (P <0.05) percentages of lymphocytes in BALF 4 weeks post-inoculation. Phenotypic changes in BALF T lymphocytes from MVV-inoculated animals, compared with the other two groups, showed significantly decreased (P <0.05) percentages of CD4+ and gamma delta + T lymphocytes, significantly increased (P <0.05) percentages of CD8+ lymphocytes and significant inversion (P <0.05) of the CD4+/CD8+ ratio at different sampling times, but between 2 and 12 weeks post-inoculation. These findings indicate that during experimental MVV-infection an early, short-term cellular reaction occurs in the lung, that is characterised by T lymphocyte phenotypic changes that are very similar, if not identical, to those observed in natural MVV infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-26
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume55
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Pneumonia, Progressive Interstitial, of Sheep
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Cell Count
  • Lung
  • Sheep
  • Visna-maedi virus
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
  • Time Factors
  • Lymphocyte Subsets
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Male

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