Early recurrence and the need for re-resection following Photodynamic diagnosis–assisted Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumours: Multi-centre real-world experience of the UK PDD Users Group

for the UK PDD Users Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between Photodynamic Diagnosis (PDD) with hexaminolevulinate (HAL) and the rate of complete resection and disease persistence at first follow-up cystoscopy for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) in UK real-world practice. Methods: Audit data were pooled from six UK centres where HAL PDD was used in patients with a new NMIBC diagnosis undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumours (TURBT) since 2008. Patients received adjunctive intra-vesical therapy and surveillance in line with European and UK guidelines, including early re-resection in high-grade NMIBC. Results: PDD-assisted TURBT was done in 837 patients with new NMIBC. The detrusor muscle was present in 69.4% of cases. At early re-TURBT in 207 high-risk patients, 13.0% had residual disease. Multifocal disease was the most significant factor in increasing the rate of residual disease (odds ratio excluding cases of CIS=4.1; 95% confidence interval 1.5–11.3). The recurrence rate at first follow-up cystoscopy (RRFFC) was 10.6% (8.9% in patients with complete initial TURBT). In the historical cohort undergoing good-quality white-light TURBT, RRFFC was 31%; 40.5% of high-risk patients had residual disease at early re-TURBT. Conclusion: HAL PDD may increase the rates of complete resection, reducing the risk of early recurrence and the need for routine re-resection in high-grade NMIBC. Level of evidence: 2b.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Urology
Early online date31 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Fluorescence cystoscopy
  • hexaminolevulinate
  • recurrence
  • transitional cell carcinoma
  • urinary bladder neoplasms
  • urothelial carcinoma

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