Ecological space: The concept and its ethical significance

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Abstract

Ecological space is relevant to ethics not in virtue of being an evaluative term or referring directly to any determinate object of evaluation. It is primarily a descriptive term. What is shown here, though, is how what use of the concept allows us to capture something morally important about the way humans’ moral relations with one another are mediated through multifarious natural relations. Ethical implications of the concept of ecological space can be drawn out from the focus it brings to issues arising from the finitude and vulnerability of habitats. In this planet’s biosphere, there has always been competition of various kinds – within, among, and between species, populations and communities of organisms – for adequate environmental resources. The complexity of life also means that many organisms are themselves environmental resources for others. These natural ecological processes in themselves are hardly appropriate, or even possible, matters for ethical regulation by humans. Ethical questions do arise, however, when consciously directed activities of human beings cause harm to the environments or resources that other human beings depend on.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics
EditorsStephen M. Gardiner, Allen Thompson
Place of PublicationAbingdon, Oxon
PublisherOxford University Press
Chapter26
Pages311-320
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780199941339
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Publication series

NameOxford Handbooks
PublisherOxford University Press

Keywords

  • ecological space
  • resources
  • human rights
  • global justice
  • radical inequalities

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