Effect of an immune challenge and two feed supplements on broiler chicken individual breast muscle protein synthesis rate

Jorge Peinado-Izaguerri*, Alexander Corbishley, Eduardo Zarzuela, Blanca Pina-Beltrán, Francesca Riva, Dorothy E F McKeegan, Maureen Bain, Javier Muñoz, Mangesh Bhide, Mark McLaughlin, Tom Preston

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Optimization of broiler chicken breast muscle protein accretion is key for the efficient production of poultry meat, whose demand is steadily increasing. In a context where antimicrobial growth promoters use is being restricted, it is important to find alternatives as well as to characterize the effect of immunological stress on broiler chicken's growth. Despite its importance, research on broiler chicken muscle protein dynamics has mostly been limited to the study of mixed protein turnover. The present study aims to characterize the effect of a bacterial challenge and the feed supplementation of citrus and cucumber extracts on broiler chicken individual breast muscle proteins fractional synthesis rates (FSR) using a recently developed dynamic proteomics pipeline. Twenty-one day-old broiler chickens were administered a single 2H2O dose before being culled at different timepoints. A total of 60 breast muscle protein extracts from five experimental groups (Unchallenged, Challenged, Control Diet, Diet 1 and Diet 2) were analysed using a DDA proteomics approach. Proteomics data was filtered in order to reliably calculate multiple proteins FSR making use of a newly developed bioinformatics pipeline. Broiler breast muscle proteins FSR uniformly decreased following a bacterial challenge, this change was judged significant for 15 individual proteins, the two major functional clusters identified as well as for mixed breast muscle protein. Citrus or cucumber extract feed supplementation did not show any effect on the breast muscle protein FSR of immunologically challenged broilers. The present study has identified potential predictive markers of breast muscle growth and provided new information on broiler chicken breast muscle protein synthesis which could be essential for improving the efficiency of broiler chicken meat production. SIGNIFICANCE: The present study constitutes the first dynamic proteomics study conducted in a farm animal species which has characterized FSR in a large number of proteins, establishing a precedent for biomarker discovery and assessment of health and growth status. Moreover, it has been evidenced that the decrease in broiler chicken breast muscle protein following an immune challenge is a coordinated event which seems to be the main cause of the decreased growth observed in these animals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105158
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of proteomics
Volume299
Early online date13 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Broiler chicken
  • Proteomics
  • Protein synthesis
  • Deuterium water
  • Breast muscle
  • Immune challenge

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of an immune challenge and two feed supplements on broiler chicken individual breast muscle protein synthesis rate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this